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Equity Share – Definition, Examples, Pros, Cons, Risk, How it Works?


Buying shares of stock is a common stock market investment. Many people invest in stocks in the hopes of making a fortune. It is straightforward to choose the proper stock. Most simplest way to accumulate wealth through stock investing. It is tough to locate high-quality products. And requires knowledge, experience, and the capacity to monitor the foundations of a company. Let us understand the equity share definition with examples, pros and cons in this topic.

Also refer different types of shares for your knowledge expansion purpose. Active investment wants instantaneous returns. This product is suitable for high-risk investors who can monitor market fluctuations. The term “passive investment” refers to a buy-and-hold strategy employed over the long run. Stocks are purchased by passive investors with the purpose of holding them for an extended period of time.

Equity Share Definition

An investor acquires a small ownership in a firm with the idea of profiting in the future is refer as equity share.

A shareholder is someone who owns shares in a corporation. You now have the right to a portion of the company’s profits or losses. Voting rights allow every shareholder to participate in business decisions. Growth-related dividends and profits are available to shareholders. Larger, more established companies have greater assets and cash flow available for dividends and bonuses.

A share signifies ownership in a corporation. In most cases, the initial capital requirements are met by the company’s partners or investors. Capital requirements increase as the business expands. The corporation can raise capital through business loans, new partners, and new investors.

How Do Equity Shares Work?

The trading of stocks is determined by market supply and demand. When more shareholders sell their shares, share prices decline. When a stock is in strong demand, its price will increase. People buy and sell stocks based on their expectations for the future of a company.

If they believe in a company’s future, they will purchase its stock. The share price will increase. They will sell a company’s equity if they anticipate bad future performance. The price of the stock will decline. A share’s market price is influenced by supply and demand (the act of selling). Profitable stock investing requires anticipating changes in demand and supply.

Assume you purchase 500 shares of a technology business at the market price of INR 500 per share. After one year, the majority of investors anticipate that the technology industry will have grown, hence raising demand for the company’s stock. The share price has reached INR 750. Utilize this opportunity to save fifty percent per year. Shareholders have the legal right to receive dividends if the company decides to distribute a portion of its profits. Investing in firms with annual dividend growth may enhance your income.

History of Equity Shares

The earliest known use of equity shares was in early 1400s Belgium. In the town centre, international merchants gathered. They started stockpiling nonperishable items in anticipation of a price hike. Thus the trading began.

The Dutch East India Company began shipping goods in 1611. On display are gold, ceramics, spices, and silks, among other objects. Due of high shipping costs, businesses solicited public engagement to raise revenue. As payment, they contributed a share of the trip’s profits. Due to this method, the Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the first in the world. The majority of the company’s history was spent on this exchange, where its shares were traded.

Pros of Equity Share to Investors

If the business needs funds, it can acquire a loan or issue bonds or debentures. When businesses invest in stocks, they are not required to repay borrowed funds. Dividends are completely discretionary. This aids them in saving money. Even though they both reflect ownership of a corporation, equity and preference shares are distinct. Let’s now examine the benefits of stock shares.

Equity Share Rights for Voting

The quantity of stock shares an investor owns increases their influence. Voting rights are automatically provided to equity shareholders. Investors have the ability to provide input on corporate policies and choices. The quantity of stock shares an investor owns increases their influence.

Restrictions on Liability

Along with investments, voting rights, and profits, equity shareholders have limited legal obligations. The stockholders are not responsible for the corporation’s debts if the business encounters legal issues. Shareholders are completely accountable for their investments, profits, and voting rights. There are few remaining legal requirements.

Asset Diversification

Investing is the act of acquiring assets for the purpose of earning a profit from their utilization. The various investing opportunities include equities, bonds, real estate, and commodities. On the basis of their positive returns, taxation, and capital risk, asset classes are categorize.

Traditionally, the majority of Indians have made bank fixed deposits. Due to the guaranteed returns, this investment option is low-risk. If the central bank lowers investment interest rates, your profits may be negatively affected. If you only invest in fixed deposits, you may see your returns decline.

Equity Share Liquidity

On the stock exchange, investors can purchase and sell shares without difficulty. If the company is performing poorly, investors can acquire and sell shares fast due to its high liquidity. Investors can buy and sell stocks with relative ease.

Prosperity over the Long Term

Equity shares have regularly beaten inflation over the years. The ten-year CAGR for equity investments was 17.60 percent, far higher than any other category.

Cons of Equity Share to Investors

Investors are continuously searching for novel methods to increase their returns. Comparatively, equities have historically generated the largest returns. Consider the disadvantages of holding company stock.

Dividends Payment are No priority

When a business generates profits, it will typically declare a dividend. Sadly, equity owners have priority to these gains. Priority dividend distribution is made to bondholders, then preference stockholders. The remainder is dispersed to shareholders of common stock. A large share of a corporation’s earnings will be given to bondholders if it is heavily indebted. This restricts the profit available to stockholders.

Financial Risk in Equity Share

Bondholders are not exposed to market risk. Regardless of variations in stock prices, their interest payment is certain. The stock market does not guarantee returns. Inadequate company performance can result in falling share values, causing investors to sell at a loss. As a result, stocks are dangerous.

Risks of Equity Shares Investing

Investing in equities does not promise a profit. Despite the fact that the price of stock shares has historically risen as companies prosper and expand in response to investor demand, there is no assurance that this trend will continue. You risk losing all you invest in stocks.

Even if you do not lose everything, the value of a company’s stock may never return to what it was initially purchased for. This could be a result of company performance or market sentiment. You are willing to assume these risks as an investor in order to increase your wealth and income. Investing in stocks involves many risks.

Capital Loss

A share’s market value is determined by supply and demand. If the majority of investors believe the company will succeed in the future, they will likely buy its stock. The market price of the stock rises as demand increases. The contrary is also a possibility.

When the majority of investors are concerned that a company will incur losses or declare bankruptcy, they will sell its stock. As a result, there will be more sellers than purchasers, leading to an excess of supply over demand and a decline in the stock price. When investing in stocks, you may incur losses rather than profits.

Consider investing INR 10,000 to acquire 100 ABC shares at INR 100 each share. A few months later, the government announces legal changes that give investors optimism for the corporation’s future. The price of shares increases to INR 150 as a result of rising demand. If you sell today, you’ll get 5,000 INR (INR).

The share price may drop to INR 75 if investors become negative about the company’s future prospects as a result of the regulatory change. If you sell now, you will incur a loss of 2,500 Indian rupees. Each share acquisition exposes the investor to the risk of capital loss.


Volatility is the fluctuation in a stock’s price over time. If the market price of a share changes between 100 and 200 INR per day, it is more volatile than a stock whose price fluctuates between 140 and 160 INR per day. The market price of a share is determined by the sentiment of investors, which is affected by social, political, and macroeconomic concerns. As a result, stock prices are erratic.

To maximize your returns regardless of the price of the stock, you should purchase it when it is cheap. Volatility in stock prices can result in overpaying for shares. This raises the share price, hence lowering your profit. Volatile stock sellers confront analogous issues.

You cannot totally remove risk when investing, but you may reduce it. Investing in ETFs or mutual funds that hold hundreds or thousands of securities and bonds can lessen many of these risks. Even if they do not give perfect financial security, investing in the shares of a single company minimizes the risk of financial loss.


Items that cost few penny a decade ago will cost substantially more. Since money loses purchasing power over time, we must pay more to acquire the same goods and services. The term for this is inflation. The rate of inflation in India is 7%. This means that a 100 INR item will cost 107 INR towards the end of the year (INR). It is crucial to invest one’s savings in a manner that generates returns faster than inflation.

Investors must see equity share as an asset class rather than an investing instrument. Prior to investing in the shares of a firm, you must research its basics and finances. This requires time and financial market knowledge. Ensure you understand the principles and invest in accordance with your profile before going.

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