Accounting Terms

Top 10 – Objectives of Accounting

Most common and important objectives of accounting for a company are usually systematically report transactions, analyzing those transactions, prepare financial statements, preparing balance sheet. This information will help in financial decision-making and important towards business activities. Accounting helps accountants as well as financial departments with several of business choices to make your organizational procedures a …

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What is Discounted Cash Flow (DCF)? Definition, Analysis, Examples, Problems

Discounted Cash Flow Definition: In Finance, the method of discounted cash flow, discounted cash flow or discounted bottoms cash flow (DCF for its acronym) is used to evaluate a project or an entire company. DCF methods determine the present value of future cash flows discounting them at a rate that reflects the cost of capital …

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Financial Ratio Definition, Examples and Ratio Analysis Interpretation

Financial Ratio Definition: The financial ratio or financial indicators are coefficients or reasons that provide financial and accounting units of measurement and comparison, through which, the ratio (division) together two data direct financial, allow analyzing the state current or past an organization to function at optimum levels defined for it. The Financial Ratios are comparable …

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What is Cash Flow Statement? Definition, Example, Format and Cash Flow Report Analysis

Cash Flow Statement Definition: Cash flow statement is one of the new financial statements that the company has incorporated reform of 2007. This is a state that reports on the use of monetary assets such as cash and cash equivalents categorizing the changes by activities and indicating the net change of such magnitude in the …

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Branches of Accounting or Different Types of Accounting

There are several branches of accounting to maintain accounts at present. Different types of accounting that range from maintaining records, auditing to preparing income tax returns. Accounting professional trend to specialize in one of these field as their career option as accountant. Branches of Accounting (or) Different Types of Accounting: Here we will explain different …

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What is a Balance Sheet? Definition, Format and Example of Balance Sheet

Balance Sheet Definition: In financial accounting, “Balance sheet is a financial statement summary report of an assets, liabilities and equity capital of an individual or a company or an organization at a specific given time”. This provides adequate information to investors, shareholders or a group about the company’s financial strength at given point of time. …

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What is a profit and loss statement or Income Statement? Definition with Examples

Profit and Loss Statement Definition: Under financial accounting, “profit and loss account, statement of revenue or loss, financial performance statement, operating statement, earnings statement, statement of profit and loss, P&L statement, Income statement all this terms refers to Profit and Loss statement of the financial reports”. This statement shows the revenue and expenditures of a business …

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What is a Trial Balance? Definition, Examples and Limitations of bookkeeping

Trial Balance Definition: In Accounting, Trial balance is a consolidated list of all the general ledger accounts of the business. Debit balances of ledger accounts will be listed across debit column of trial balance. Whereas Credit balances of ledger accounts will be listed across credit column of trial balance. Information listed on this statement report is …

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What Is a General Ledger? Definition, Format and Example of General Ledger

General Ledger Definition: In a financial accounting, super set of accounts that summarize records of transactions occurred during a specified period for a business or an organization is called as General Ledger Account. All the credit and debit balances of ledger account should be equal. This information is then used to prepare financial statement of …

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What are Journal Entries? Definition, Format and Examples of Journal Entry

In accounting system, Journal entry consists of transactions which are either a credit or debit transactions. Total of debit and credit journal entry transactions are unbalanced.  Journal entry can record unique or recurring transactions. Therefore, Journal entry transactions directly affect the balances of general ledger accounts. “Journal entry is a method of posting transactions into …

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