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How to Start a Small Finance Company in India?  



How do you start a Small Finance Company? Kindly let me know the License and finance company registration procedure. If anyone knows how to get licence for finance business in India, I would highly appreciate it. Thanks!

1 Answer

Small finance banking institutions provide economic addition to the parts of economy such as small businesses, small and farmers that are marginal micro and small enterprises and entities operating in unorganized sectors, which are not being offered by other banks. Small finance banking institutions can offer banking that is basic i.e. acceptance of deposits and lending services after obtaining a license from the Reserve Bank of Asia. Reserve Bank of Asia has released detailed guidelines for the licensing needs of a finance that is little.

Regulatory Framework for Small Finance Banks:

Every finance that is small shall be registered as being a public limited business first under the provisions of businesses Act, 2013 and it's going to be licensed under section 22 of the Banking Regulations Act, 1949. It shall be governed by the followings Acts, Rules, Regulations, Directors and Guidelines:

  •  The Banking Regulation Act, 1949;
  • The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934;
  • Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999;
  • Credit Information businesses (Regulation) Act, 2005;
  • Payment & Settlement Systems Act, 2007;
  • Deposit Insurance & Credit Guarantee Corporation Act of 1961;
  • the ongoing companies Act, 2013 and Rules and Regulations made there-under;
  • other statutes which can be relevant the Directives, Prudential Regulations and other recommendations/ directions issued by the Reserve Bank of Asia and any other Regulator from time to time.

Eligibility Criteria for RBI License:

The applicant should be registered as a public company that is limited the provisions of this Companies Act, 2013. For registering a public company that is limited should be at least three individuals to act as Directors and seven people (Individuals or Body Corporate) to become Shareholders regarding the business.

Professionals with at least ten years of experience in banking and finance; and companies and communities owned and controlled by specialists possessing requisite experiences are eligible to set up a finance that is small. Existing Non Banking Finance Companies, Micro Finance Institutions, and regional banks that are are are owned and controlled by residents can also use for converting themselves into a Small Finance Bank.

Promoter or the Promoter Group should be fit and proper people with a sound track record of professional experience or of running their organizations for at least a period of 5 years in order to become eligible to promote a finance bank that is small.

The minimum capital that is paid-up little finance banks shall be Rs. 100 Crore and the promoter’s minimum initial contribution to your compensated up equity capital of a small finance bank will probably be at least 40 %. This promoter’s contribution to the paid up equity capital of the finance that is small should be gradually brought down seriously to 26 percent within an interval of 12 years from the date of commencement of business associated with bank.

The shareholding that is foreign the little finance banks would be depending on the provisions of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy for private sector banks as amended from time to time.

The finance that is small will undoubtedly be subject to all prudential norms and regulations of the Reserve Bank of Asia as relevant to existing commercial banks including requirement of maintenance of money Reserve Ratio (CRR) and Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR). No forbearance would be provided for complying utilizing the provisions which can be statutory.

The finance that is small will be needed to extend 75 percent of its Adjusted Net Bank Credit (ANBC) to the sectors qualified to receive classification as concern sector lending (PSL) by the Reserve Bank of India. At the least 50 percent of its loan profile should constitute loans and advances of upto Rs. 25 lakh. 

If a small finance bank wish to convert itself into a universal bank, such conversion would be at the mercy of fulfilling minimal paid-up capital / net worth requirement as applicable to universal banks; its satisfactory history of performance as a small finance bank and the results of the Reserve Bank’s diligence exercise that is due. 

Procedure for filing application and it is evaluation by the Reserve Bank of India:

Application for obtaining license as a Small Finance Bank in Form III shall be made to the main General Manager, Department of Banking Regulation, Reserve Bank of India, 13th Floor, Central workplace Building, Mumbai, Maharashtra – 400001. In addition, the applicants should furnish the business plan and other information that is requisite indicated. An External Advisory Committee (EAC) comprising eminent experts like bankers, chartered accountants, finance specialists, etc., will evaluate the applications upon receipt of application. The choice to issue an approval that is in-principle setting up of a bank will be taken by the Reserve Bank of India and the RBI’s decision in this regard will be last.

This post was modified 1 year ago by Rakesh Kumar Reddy
This post was modified 1 year ago by WikiFinancepedia Team
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