How to Invest in ETFs as a Beginner-Is ETF Investing Safe-Beginners Guide to Investing in ETFs-Exchange-Traded Funds-Basics of ETFs for Beginners

How to Invest in ETFs as a Beginner? Is ETF Investing Safe?


In the dynamic world of investing, you’ve got a plethora of options to grow your money. One term that probably caught your eye is ETF investing. You might have seen it on an online investing app or read about it on an investing platform. But is ETF investing safe? Let’s delve into the world of ETFs and decipher the mystery surrounding them. Also let us look into how to invest in ETFs as a neginner in this article.

ETFs trade like equities on stock exchanges. Buyers and vendors set market price. ETFs have unique ISINs, allowing them to be held in a demat-account alongside other shares and securities. ETFs are much less expensive than mutual funds. Mutual funds in India charge between 2.5% and 3.0%, while ETFs charge only 1%. ETFs are transacted like securities, unlike equity and index funds. The AMC has no obligation to issue or repurchase units.

What is an ETFs?

ETFs, short for Exchange-Traded Funds, are investment funds traded on stock exchanges, much like individual stocks. They aim to track the performance of specific indexes, sectors, commodities, or bonds. Here’s why they are an excellent choice for beginners.


Each ETF holds various stocks or assets, helping you diversify your portfolio without purchasing each security individually.


You can buy or sell ETFs on any investing platform during market hours, providing flexibility and ease of access.


Most ETFs have lower expense ratios than mutual funds, making them a cost-effective investment option.

Understand ETF

Before we go any further, there are a few things you should know about ETFs before you buy your first one.

Passive vs. active ETFs

There are two different kinds of ETFs: inactive and active. Passive ETFs, which are also called index funds, only exist to copy the performance of an average of stocks. Active ETFs do this with the help of portfolio managers who have a lot of experience. Passive ETFs try to match the success of an index that they track. Active ETFs try to do better than the index they track.

Expense Ratios

Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) charge buyers a fee called the cost ratio. It shows how much the spending ratio costs on a yearly basis. If the cost ratio is 1%, you will pay $10 in fees for every $1,000 you put into the investment. If everything else stays the same, a smaller amount of costs to income will lead to a lower cost.

Dividends and DRIPs

Most exchange-traded funds (ETFs) pay out profits. Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) can pay dividends that can be cashed out or immediately put back into new ETF shares through a DRIP.

Is ETF Investing Safe?

ETF investing, like any other form of investment, comes with a level of risk. However, the level of risk is often comparable to the underlying asset or index that the ETF is tracking. Your risk could be considered relatively low if you’re investing in an ETF that tracks a stable, well-established index.

Moreover, ETFs offer the advantage of diversification. Instead of placing all your eggs in one basket by investing in a single stock, ETFs allow you to invest in a broad range of assets. This spreads out the risk and can potentially offer more stable returns.

Remember, though, that “safe” doesn’t mean “risk-free.” ETFs are subject to market risk, and their value can go up and down. Hence, it’s essential to carefully consider your risk tolerance and investment goals before plunging into ETF investing.

How to Invest in ETFs: A Beginner’s Roadmap

If you’ve made up your mind to venture into the world of ETFs, here’s a step-by-step guide on how to invest in ETFs as a beginner to get started:

Educate Yourself

Understand the different types of ETFs available. Some track indexes, others focus on sectors, while some may even track commodities like gold or oil.

Choose an Investing Platform

A good online investment app or platform is vital to start your ETF journey. Look for a platform that provides comprehensive research tools, is easy to navigate, and offers reliable customer service.

Decide on Your Investment Goals

Are you looking for growth, income, or both? Your goals will guide you in choosing the right ETF.

Do Your Due Diligence

Before investing in an ETF, research its past performance, the index or asset it’s tracking, and its expense ratio.

Start Investing

Once you’re confident about your choice, you can buy shares of the ETF just like you would buy shares of a stock. Remember, investing isn’t about making quick money; it’s about growing your wealth over time. Be patient and persistent.

How Can I Choose an ETF for Myself?

When thinking about buying an ETF, it is important to look at these four things first. Here’s how to invest in ETFs as a beginner and what they are:

ETF Varieties

Equity, foreign cash, gold, and loans ETFs are a type of exchange-traded fund (ETF). Before you put money into a business, you should learn as much as you can about it. First, choose the main group to find the subcategories. If you wanted to invest in stocks ETFs, you could do so in a number of sub-categories based on size, industry, and so on.

Exchange-Traded Fund Trading Volume

Investors in ETFs have had problems with liquidity in the past. But that was before, and now it is after. ETFs are becoming more and more popular because they are easy for buyers to buy and sell. Still, some ETFs have a lot less trading than others. Because there is not a lot of money in these ETFs, it may be hard to buy or sell units. Because of this, it is important to choose an ETF with a lot of trading.

Expense Ratio

Because of the spending relationship, it is possible to lose money. You will make more money if you choose an ETF with a lower cost ratio than its competition.

Tracking Error

Most exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are made to match the results of an index. They buy assets that are part of an index so that their profits will “closely match” those of the index. Because of this, the results of an ETF will always be different from those of its corresponding index. If you have to buy in an ETF, choose one with a low tracking mistake.


As we move forward in the 21st century, the way we invest is evolving rapidly. The advent of ETFs has opened up a world of opportunities for both seasoned investors and beginners. They offer an intriguing combination of the simplicity of stock trading and the diversification benefits of mutual funds.

Is ETF investing safe? It’s as safe as the research you put into it and the level of risk you’re willing to take. As always, informed investing is safe investing. So equip yourself with knowledge, choose a reliable investing platform, and embark on your ETF investing journey.

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