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Primary Functions of Stock Exchange


A stock exchange is a platform for the acquisition and sale of government securities and municipal bonds. The acquisition and sale of such goods is govern by establish laws and regulations. Let us understand the primary functions of stock exchange in this topic.

Look at the roles of stock exchange to understand the concept in much better way. Because it deals with securities rather than money, this market is refer as a capital market. In general, the phrase stock exchange refers to shares. You may have heard about purchasing or selling stock at a given price, or that stock values are growing or dropping.

Primary Functions of Stock Exchange

To comprehend the stock exchange, you must first grasp its functions. Understanding how things function could aid in understanding the scenario. Some of the primary functions of stock exchange market are as follows:

The Economist’s Bar

The stock market is a solid economic indicator. The value of shares changes according to the country and economy. The rise or decline in share prices reflects the business cycle. The stock exchange is frequently refer to as the economic pulse or the economic mirror.

Pricing of Securities

The stock market contributes in determining the value of equities based on demand and supply. Securities of wealthy and expanding enterprises are more valued due to increasing demand.

Investors, governments, and creditors all profit from securities valuation. Investors can determine the value of their investments, creditors can evaluate creditworthiness, and the government can tax the value of securities.

Transactions Security

Only listed securities are tradable in the stock market; and regulators only list businesses after verifying their financial sustainability. Listed corporations are equally subject to severe laws and regulations. This protects the safety of stock market trade.

Contributes to Economic Growth

Stocks of several companies are exchange on the stock exchange. Disinvestment and reinvestment enhance capital formation and economic advancement.

Spreading Equity Cult

The stock exchange promotes the general public to invest in ownership securities. By controlling developing issues, streamlining trading procedures, and teaching individuals on the necessity of financial planning and saving, the government may benefit the economy.

Allowing for Imagination

To sustain liquidity and maintain a healthy demand-supply balance, the stock market encourages rational speculation on the value of underlying assets.


The stock exchange exists to enable the buying and sale of securities. The stock market promises investors that their money can be convert into cash at any time.

Investing in long-term initiatives is risk-free since the stock market allows investors to transform long-term projects into short- and medium-term ventures.

Allocation of Capital

Profitable businesses have higher stock prices that are actively tradable; allowing them to readily raise capital from the stock market. The general populace is apprehensive of investing in losers. As a result, the stock exchange allows capital to be allocate to more productive pathways.

Encourages the Habits of Saving and Investing

The stock market gives several investing opportunities. These appealing possibilities encourage clients to save more and invest in corporate equities rather than unproductive assets such as gold, silver, and so on.


The Securities and Exchange Commission oversees all stock exchanges. As a result, each stock market is intend to adhere to set norms and criteria. They should also be aware of how bond and debenture trading can have a direct impact on corporate growth. They will have a better knowledge of the issue if they grasp functions of stock exchange as mentioned in this topic.

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