Sources of Finance or Source of Funds for Small Business and Company

Choosing a well sources of finance is actually important for business as well as to take strong decisions by company’s management. A decision related to source of funds impacts a business a lot. In-case of incorrect decision, the cost of funds increases which in turn would have a direct effect in the feasibility of business activities and projects. A proper type of sources of finance with business requirements could boost earnings and assist in smooth operating of a business.

Sources of Finance / Source of Funds:

Sources of finance for business are the most search area specifically who are about to begin a new start-ups or small businesses. It’s possibly your most difficult component of all the time and efforts invested for your entrepreneurs. There are various source of funds, we could classify on the basis of parameters. Let’s understand those in detail here.

Sources of Finance – Based on Phase of a Company:

Here are some of the sources of finance notes based on phases of the company. Check it out!

1. Long-Term Source of Funds:

Financial requirement of a business for period more than five years is known as long-term source of funds. It offers various sources of finance for business expansion like: debentures / bonds, stocks, loans and long-term borrowings from bank or other financial organizations. Such financing is always required for procurement concerning fixed assets including equipment, plant, machinery and so forth.

2. Moderate-Term Source of Funds:

A type of sources where the funds is necessary for a time period between 1 to 5 years is known as moderate-term source of funds. Your sources associated with moderate term come with lease financing, borrowings from banks as well as financial institution loans.

3. Short-Term Source of Funds:

Funds which are necessary for a period of one year are called short-term source of funds. For example: Financing from retail banks, trade credit (This kind of credit does not result in the funds but it facilitates buys without immediate payment.), credit cards, etc. are definitely the types of sources of finance for short duration. Short-term financing normally known as just as working-capital financing.

Sources of Finance - Wikipedia of Finance - Source of Funds

Sources of Finance – Based on Ownership of a Company:

Here are some of the sources of finance for small business based on ownership of a company. Check it out.

4. Owner’s Source of Funds:

Funds generated from business owner’s capital is known as own funds. These sources of finance may be from sole business owner or perhaps shareholders or partners of a business. It additionally includes earnings which are reinvested into the business. That the owner’s capital stays invested in business for much longer time-frame. Ideally such source of funds also gains control to management within the business. Some business owners might not always dilute ownership into the business and others may risk of sharing the ownership as well. Retained earnings and equity shares tend to be common sources of finance from where owner’s funds can be acquired.

5. Borrowed Source of Funds:

Funds with the assistance of borrowings and loans are known as borrowed funds. This is the more common sources of finance for small business and is applied in most of the decisions. Some source of funds are loan from financial institutes, retail banks, commercial banks, trade financing, issuing debentures, people deposits and more. These kinds of sources offer money for the specified duration, and also need to repay the loan along with interest after the expiry of time period. These kinds of finance don’t take into consideration of business strategies following the loan are offered. Generally, borrowed funds are offered mortgaging assets of the borrowers.

Sources of Finance – Based on Group of a Company:

Here are some of the sources of finance for business expansion based on group of a company. Check it out!

6. Internal Source of Funds:

That finance which is created within business is known as internal sources of finance. For example: the business, create money internally by just speeding collection process concerning disposing to surplus finance, receivables to improving its profit. All interior sources of funds will fulfill just limited financial requirements of the business.

7. External Source of Funds:

All sources which knocks outdoors of a company, particularly investors, vendors, lenders, etc. are known as external sources of finance. Whenever a large volume of finance is actually need to a business, it’s always done through external sources. External funds are always expensive when compared to internal sources of finance notes.


For any kind of a business, its primary duty of management and business owners to do well-research on sources of finance notes. Every now and then company may need finance might be for long-term or short-term. You should be well enough to take the right decision regarding source of funds for your organization. If you liked this article, then do provide your feedback in the below comments sections. It will assist other reads to learn more from you.


- Tutorial Course - Basic Finance Concepts For Beginners Guide

» e-Learning Chapter 1: What is Finance with Examples?

» e-Learning Chapter 2: What is International Finance?

» e-Learning Chapter 3: Importance of Finance

» e-Learning Chapter 4: Features of Finance

» Currently Reading: Source of Funds

» e-Learning Chapter 6: Types of Capital

» e-Learning Chapter 7: Types of Capital Market

» e-Learning Chapter 8: Types of Investment

» e-Learning Chapter 9: Short Term Sources of Finance

» e-Learning Chapter 10: Long Term Sources of Finance

» e-Learning Chapter 11: Finance Quiz – Finance Basics for Beginners


Sources of Finance or Source of Funds for Small Business and Company
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