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ESOP in India – Definition, Examples, Advantages, Disadvantages


There is more to employee compensation than what the majority of businesses now supply. Nowadays, employees receive many advantages in addition to a wage; one of these benefits is an Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP). Let us look into what is ESOP definition, how does it work, examples, disadvantages and advantages of ESOP in India.

While analysing a client’s financial strategy, he brought up his ESOP in India (which he had never considered as part of the plan before). Benefits exceeded 20% of his net worth at current rates (after cost and all taxes).

What is ESOP?

The strategy is called the Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP). Employers utilise this method to provide employees with free or low-cost stock options that may be redeemed at a predetermined price following a specified time period. In India, companies such as Flipkart and Myntra provide ESOPs.

Overview on ESOPs in India

In India, Employee Stock Option Plans (ESOPs) are used interchangeably with Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs). Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) enable employees to purchase a predetermined number of shares at a predetermined price. It is generally presented as a token of appreciation for exceptional achievement or long-term effort.

Additionally, it serves as a motivator because the value of your shares increases when the company performs well. Employee stock ownership programmes also help retain employees. Vesting schedules are included in ESOPs.

As a result, an employee today may earn 3000 shares, which will be dispersed over time in 1000-share increments. Typically, the right to purchase shares is conditional upon the completion of a waiting period. This phase is referred to as vesting. If the employee does not exercise his or her option to purchase shares during the vesting period, the options expire.

Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs), which were pioneered by technology corporations, are increasingly being adopted by a diverse variety of businesses, including startups, to acquire top personnel.

Example of ESOP in India

When the stock price of the company increases, an employee wishes to avoid risk and exercise. If an employee is granted 300 shares at a price of Rs. 100 each with a one-year vesting period, the employee may exercise his or her option to acquire the shares at the same price after one year.

Profits will accrue to employees who exercise their stock options when the market value hits Rs.100. Employees can purchase shares with a market value of Rs.150 for 30,000 and sell them for Rs. 45,000. He has the opportunity to win Rs. 15000. This strategy results in a profit of Rs 8250 after 30% perquisite tax and a 15% short-term capital gain.

Employees are not exposed to risk because they are only liable for compensation when their options are exercised. They can purchase stock at a discount and resell it at a premium, generating in substantial gains. They may also opt out of the ESOPs.Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs) Have a plethora of advantages.

How Does ESOPs Work?

Employers select the number of shares and the price at which they will be offered through ESOPs. Additionally, employers determine who will benefit from ESOPs. Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) are then established.

After being offered to employees, ESOPs are retained in a trust fund until they fully vest. To qualify for the ESOP and own equity, employees must remain with the company for the vesting period.

Employees who have vested in their ESOPs are eligible to participate. The vesting term expires on the vesting date. Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) enable employees to acquire company stock at a discount to the market price. Employees who acquired shares through ESOPs can profit from their sale.

If an employee leaves or retires during the vesting period, the corporation must purchase the ESOP from the employee within 60 days at fair market value.

Advantages and Disadvantages of ESOP in India

In the long run, ESOPs may be tremendously useful. When Infosys was a small business, several employees were granted ESOPs. They all benefited from the successful stock market sell-off. Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) enable employees to make stock market investments. As an employee, you will be constantly informed about the current state of the company and its future ambitions. ESOPs empower you to make informed investment decisions about whether to exercise an option, when to exercise, and when to sell. (At the very least, it’s worth a try.)

Employers may provide employee stock ownership schemes as a financial incentive (ESOPs). Employees will be more focused on performance since they have a stake in the company.

ESOPs may not be the best option for those who are fearful of risk. Employee stock ownership schemes have the potential to backfire by devaluing employees’ stock. Employee stock ownership plans are not the ideal option for liquidity because they impose numerous restrictions on the exercise of options. Tax implications should also be thoroughly investigated. (For every Infosys, ten other firms have been harmed by ESOPs.)

Benefits on ESOP in India

You should read how to become millionaire in Indian stock market. list of ESOP benefits is huge, let see few of the following:

Stock Ownership

Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) enable employees to own a share of the company, allowing them to be proud of their employer.

Dividends Provide Revenue

As a result of its success, the corporation distributes dividends to its stockholders. Employees can earn additional dividends while directly benefiting from the firm’s success.

Acquire Stock at a Discount

Employee stock ownership programmes (ESOPs) usually charge a small fee for employees to purchase shares. As a result, they can invest in the business at a reduced cost. Employers Benefit from Stock Ownership Plans for their Employees. Both employees and corporations profit from employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs). This is how it is accomplished:

Maintain the Satisfaction of your Staff

When employees are required to wait for vesting of their ESOPs, they are more likely to stay.

Productivity Enhancement

Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) have the potential to boost employee productivity and profitability at the same time.

A Recruiting and Retention Tool

Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) aid employers in attracting and keeping qualified personnel. Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) help startups recruit top talent when high compensation is not an option.


Therefore, educate yourself about employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs), their benefits, and the associated tax consequences. Bear in mind that you must exercise your options following the vesting of your ESOPs. Hope this topic on what is ESOP meaning, how does it work, disadvantages, advantages and examples of ESOP in India was useful to you in many ways.

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