What are the Different Types of Investment Risks Involved in Investing into Markets

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Evaluation probability of losses involved in investing is known was risks evaluation. Financial planning is always incomplete without risks calculation. Let us understand and evaluate various types of investment risks involved as a part of personal financial planning and safety measures.

“Types of Investment Risks” are Classified into Three Categories:

  • Loss of capital invested (Invested amount).
  • Loss of estimated income or returns or rewards.
  • Loss due to money valuation due to growing inflation rate.

When you plan to invest in stocks or funds based on past performance or past returns, it’s obvious that there will be deviation between expected returns and actual returns. If difference is positive then it is good sign with extended gains whereas negative indicates loss due to risks. There are chances that you may get panic during negative situations. You should understand that risk and returns are two sides of investment coin and you should be prepared for both. Such short term panic situations should not hamper your long term investment goals. Apart from that you should be clear that when evaluated past performance of any stock or funds all situations are taken into consideration. You should develop a strategy in such a way that you can minimize your risk when market crashes and this can be achieved by diversifying your investment. For example: Investing small part of your capital into fixed deposit or government bonds where returns are fixed and guaranteed irrespective of market conditions. By diversifying you can reduce your risk level.

There are various different types of investment risks when trading in stock market, forex market, currency market or derivative market. Let us understand some of the primary ways to minimise risks of your investment:

Wiki Finance pedia - Financial e-learning tutorial courses on Investing Wikipedia Chapter - Types of Investment Risks

1. Risk Tolerance Capacity:

Means how much risk you are ready to accept it. In other words, how much maximum risk you intend to take to sleep peacefully even during financial crisis. Risk tolerance is our capacity to accept potential risk. This would differ from one investor to another investor. Your risk taking capacity will keep on changing with change in external factors. For example: age, income source, dependents, life expectancy, etc. One should have clear drafted plan about how you will manage rise and fall of your investments plans before you start investing in real time. It is highly recommended that you calculate Risk Tolerance Capacity before investment. This is one of the important types of investment risks minimisation methods.

Risk Tolerance Example: Risk tolerance is our maximum capacity of accepting loss above that you cannot afford to lose further. Let us observe with example: After a self assessment, you decide to invest into stocks with maximum loss of 5% on investment as a part of safety measures. Maximum loss is defined as stop loss limit for your investment. Suppose you buy Infosys stock, one fine day it is 3% up, Next day market crashes with 6% down, This is a day where your stop limit will hit and square off your investment. After that market continues to fall and after few months when market situation improves and stock started to rise, you can again plan to invest into Infosys stock with 5% as your stop loss limit. Since market conditions are improved it is more likely that you will be in profit. This is the simplest way to cut your losses and let profit runs.

2. Real Risk Tolerance Capacity:

To achieve financial goals sometime you intend to take little higher risk then your risk tolerance capacity. This risk level is actual bearable risk known as real risk. For example you can set risk tolerance limit to 7% and real risk tolerance limit to 10% which means that you are increasing your risk level to increase your risk to reward percentage

3. Investment Based on Investors Tolerance Capacity:

Investors are classified as traditional, moderate or aggressive investors. Some of the general investor’s standards are followed while investing. For example: Traditional investors (Individual risk level: Minimal) should intend to invest only 20-30% of its investment capital into stocks. Moderate investors (Individual risk level: Moderate) should balance 50-50% of its investment capital into stock and fixed income deposits where as Aggressive investor (Individual risk level: high) can invest 90-95% of its investment capital into stocks and he can use the stop loss limit to minimise the risk level.


Here we have understood about different types of investment risks and methods on how to trade safely. Investor’s heads on to purchase high return stocks without evaluating their risk and other factors which bring down their profits. Smart investors always evaluate right stock, right time to purchase stock and risk tolerance capacity before investing which assist them to maximize their profit levels.



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